CHIANG KAI-SHEK
In order to understand fully how the 
Nanking Massacre event unfolded, we need 
to start our story from the Xian Mutiny of 
In the morning of December 12, 1936, 
Chiang Kai-shek was apprehended by the 
mutiny generals' men while hiding behind 
some boulders. 
This was the "Morning of Infamy" for 
Chiang.   And for our Chiang and his 
American boss FDR alike, one Infamy must 
be replied by another Infamy.
So, the morning of December 12, 1937 was 
the specified time the Commanding General 
Tang of Nanking was ordered by Chiang, in 
his final signed telegraph after two previous 
attempts by phones, to leave Nanking for 
another "Morning of Infamy" to take place. 
Chiang was not always a stickler about 
dates.  For example, one of the mutiny 
general, the one who helped him escaped 
from his capture, Chiang had the guy put 
under house arrest longer than anybody 
cared to remember. 
But the other one, the more die-hard 
mutiny general, got the whole family, 
including one infant, butchered with faces 
made unrecognizable by acid, only hours 
before Mao's men got there to rescue 
And the Infamy in this case was that the 
victims all still thought Chiang was their 
Also, never forget Chiang was a persistent 
person.  And always remember: he only 
became more persistent if you try to 
change him.  So, the Mutiny was a big 
Now instead of just targeting the 
communists in China, Chiang went after all 
Chinese.  That's maybe why later he 
sensed a new lease on life in Taiwan, when 
he had his once-elusive enemies now all 
cornered in one spot -- the Mainland China.
In the Xian Mutiny, Chiang was forced 
under gun point to stop killing Chinese and 
start killing Japanese.  Well, that definitely 
made him wanting to kill more Chinese and 
to love Japanese even more. 
This is the key factor for anyone to 
understand Nanking Massacre, and all   
the other illogical happenings during 
Chiang's rule. 
One American Chinese girl named Iris Chang 
was a victim of not understanding this 
factor, but still with open bright eyes, wrote 
a book about Nanking Massacre, "Rape of 
And the Japanese rightwing is the current 
on-going victim.  After a thorough 
research of WWII, they still have no faintest 
clue as to who had been taking them for a 
wild ride and making them sounded like 
self-contradictory laughing stocks to the 
outside world.
After China declared war against Japan by 
the agreement reached in Xian Mutiny, the 
first Battle of Shanghai was a shocker for 
Chiang, as well as the Japanese.  Chiang 
was hoping the superior Japanese military 
would teach the over-eager Chinese a 
But instead, the Japanese suffered such a 
big loss, the central command in Tokyo 
basically decided to drop the inland 
expansion plan.
That definitely would be a no-no for Chiang.  
He wanted to give Japan another chance at 
Nanking.  So, he must guarantee the 
invading Japanese generals that the 
Nanking defense would be completely 
disabled when Japanese soldiers entered 
the city.
This was why Chiang left no communication 
equipment with the Nanking troops and no 
aerial support for the artilleries.  In 
addition, Chiang personally pulled General 
Tang out of his defense command right 
when Japan started its assault on Nanking.
Today, the Japanese rightwing hardcore still 
maintains that there was no massacre in 
Nanking and the whole thing was all a 
fabrication.  But nobody listen to their cry.
Why, all they really need to do is just show 
the true military records how easily they 
entered the city without any fighting, or 
rather, facing only retreating Chinese 
soldiers.  Then people would automatically 
suspect of a fabrication on their own.
But the Japanese couldn't do that, because 
the bigger truth here was that "Chiang was 
on their side".  Anyway, at the time, they 
need to keep this horror of a bigger truth 
from Chiang's boss, America.
In fact, some Japanese troops were so much 
co-conspirators of Chiang that they actually 
did indeed perform some covert contracted 
massacres, like the one at the Torpedo 
Camp, that even most of the Japanese army 
did not know about until some survivors 
exposed it during the war trial.
America naturally was happy with the 
performance of the die-hard, anti-Japanese 
Chinese troops in the Shanghai Battle.  So, 
Chiang might as well capitalize on this 
momentum.  He needed continue to show 
large casualty numbers, or simply fabricate 
some photographs that would damage 
Japan's image to get paid by America.  He 
did both.
Three large sources of casualties, all 
Chinese this time, two came from General 
Tang's do-or-die commitment at defending 
Nanking and another, the secret contract 
killing by a Japanese execution squad as a 
repayment for Chiang disabling the Nanking 
To prepare for an all-out fight, Tang first 
demolished all the vessels for escape to 
strengthen his troop's determination in 
defending the city to the last man. Then
he positioned two machine guns right over 
the narrow escape route to wipe out any 
notion of desertion.
So Chiang's order to retreat made it the 
worst day in Tang's life.  This poor guy 
must have wished for a life time to gripe 
about what Chiang made him to do, 
especially after he warned Chiang that 
there would be a massacre, even just by his 
own people, if he retreated. 
But little did Tang realized, it's all in the 
Chiang's fabrication plan.  If only Chiang 
could also knock off Tang, nobody would 
ever be able to find out the truth.  Ha, only 
dumb American generals would judge the 
genius Chiang was a military nitwit at 
pulling the defending command out his post 
right before the enemy's assault.  
Why, even Iris Chang, in his book, just 
homed in on Japanese brutality in massacre 
the non-hostile Chinese troops.
So Chiang made sure Tang would not have 
the chance to gripe.  He arrested Tang and 
executed Tang by a firing squad for 
But in the footnote of the book, Rape of 
Nanking by Iris Chang, the readers are told 
that Tang was actually rescued by the 
Communists and lived to a ripe old age -- to 
gripe.  However, in appeasing the Taiwan 
government, the wishful Chinese 
government censored everything, except 
for the little they told Chang that's in her 
book, just enough to hint that the massacre 
was a fabrication by Chiang.

A few words are in order to credit the two 
heroines in the Nanking Massacre event.  
The first is Iris Chang, the author of "Rape of 
For a good analytical reader, Chang's book 
has already convicted Chiang as the 
fabricator of Nanking Massacre with the 
information the Chinese communists 
revealed to Chang.
It's almost a matter of time, she herself 
would have realized, or by some convincing 
arguments from an analytical reader, that 
Nanking Massacre was a fabrication, 
especially in the backdrop of, what Chang 
deemed as, the criminal American Bush 
The problem here is that, by then it would 
all be too late.  The upsurge of grassroots 
momentum of anti-Japanese sentiment, 
backed by the Chinese Christian converts' 
fierce anti-Asia stand, West's imperialistic 
ambition and the untold riches of the 
Sun-Chiang trust fund, has already swell to 
a uncontrollable level. 
Iris Chang would not be able to live with the 
truths, while her fanatical followers were 
cheering her on for her sincere lies.  Guess 
that's when people commit suicide.  And 
she did.
But the cause for her suicide was generally 
accepted to be mental stress.  What 
horror could cause this kind of life 
threatening stress?  We can either find it 
out and put it into history books, or let it 
repeat itself in real life. 
In fact, Iris Chang's real life tragedy itself 
was a repeat of another heroine's from 
Nanking, Minnie Vautrin.
Vautrin was a first-hand eyewitness of 
Nanking Massacre.  Her diaries basically 
described the war-zone atmosphere of the 
transition from the Chiang administration to 
the Wang Jing-wei government. 
Like Iris Chang, she too had a "mental 
breakdown".  And she had to go back to 
America for treatment.  She left a diary, 
but the last few entries have been altered 
by someone else.  Here we may have to 
borrow the notes left by Chang to 
hypothesize the motive for the alteration.
Also like Chang, when she got cured and 
could see everything clearly, she decided 
not to live with what she was seeing.
Vautrin was a contemporary of Chiang 
Kai-shek, living amidst the dirtiest of 
Chiang's trickeries,which were much more 
sinister than the born-loser Bush would 
ever come up.  It's hard, therefore, to 
blame her for not knowing what hit her to 
make her quietly sealed all the windows in 
her apartment and turned on the gas stove 
without lighting it.
A small clue deserves to be mentioned here.  
That is, Vautrin was quoted to have said: 
"Had I ten perfect lives, I would give them 
all to China." Well, someone in China 
disappointed her deadly, and the someone 
was a fellow Christian.  
So Iris Chang lived and suffered under Bush, 
Jr.  Deeply disappointed and grudgingly, 
she went out and bought a gun just 2 days 
after finding out Bush was elected for a 
second term.  And here is what in the 
notes she left behind before she used the 
gun to end her life (instead on Bush?):
"... I can never shake my belief that I was 
being recruited, and later persecuted, by 
forces more powerful than I could have 
imagined.  Whether it was the CIA or some 
other organization, I will never know.  As 
long as I'm alive, these forces will never 
stop hounding me.... "
"... I believe my detention at Norton 
Hospital was the government's attempt to 
discredit me. I had considered running away, 
but I will never be able to escape from 
myself and my thoughts. I am doing this 
because I am too weak to withstand the 
years of pain and agony ahead."
The existence of the notes was reconfirmed 
by her dad, but he cautioned us that the U.S. 
government has told him not to discuss this 
with other people, as well as to tell other be 
hush hush about them.
Professor Darrell Y. Hamamoto of Dept. of 
Asian American Studies, University of 
California, Davis, still braved some 
conclusion in line with her notes:
"Quite possibly Chang had found during the 
course of her research and political 
involvement on behalf of those who 
experienced profound losses during 
wartime that her own American 
government was complicit if not at the 
center of the multiple holocausts of the 
twentieth century."

Ok, if you wait long enough, truth will 
surface by itself.  This was the case with 
Qian Xinming regarding his role in the 
fabrication of the Nanking Massacre.
Iris Chang's notes were warned not to be 
discussed, but the following new revelation 
on Qian Xinming surfaced in 2009 and 
disappeared by 2015 in China. 
It was about the true activities of Qian in 
producing the Nanking Massacre photo 
album, with which Chiang Kai-shek and his 
master spy Dai Li tried so carefully to 
dissociate themselves with.
It was an article coming out in 2009, right 
around the time China and Japan decided to 
jointly research and write what exactly 
happened in Nanking during the winter of 
But it was nowhere to be found by 2005.  
It might have something to do with 
America's displeasure at Japan's second call 
for "East Asia Community" in 2010.  
America did do something nasty to scare 
Asia to back off, like the sinking of South 
Korea warship Cheonan and even the once 
in a thousand years Japanese 
earthquake-tsunami nuclear accident.
In the 1980's, the testimonies of the 
widows of Chiang and Dai Li's spies, who 
participated in the creation of the Nanking 
Massacre's photo album, revealed new data 
about the circumstances under which the 
album was produced.
According to the old data from Chiang and 
Dai, Qian betrayed their trust and defected 
to the Japanese immediately after the 
Japanese occupied Nanking.
The author of the book "Spymaster: Dai Li 
and the Chinese Secret Service" by Frederic 
Wakeman, had one short paragraph in this 
book, telling the world that Qian basically 
did nothing for Dai and Chiang while in 
Nanking, based on an announcement by Dai 
to the public that Qian defected. 
Also in the early 1980, one high official in 
Taiwan's intelligence community, in his 
memoir, also stated that "Qian sacrificed his 
life gallantly in China's Resisting-Japan 
But the widows of Qian's spies, who were 
sold out by Qian to the Japanese military 
police, told a vastly different story.  They 
exposed Qian as the creator of the 
infamous Nanking Massacre photo album. 
Qian led a group of spies into the slums of 
Nanking during the time Nanking fell to the 
Japanese.  Together they were supposed 
to photograph the massacres and rapes by 
the Japanese soldiers and sent them to 
their bosses, Chiang Kai-shek and his master 
spy Dai Li, in Hankou.
Three years later, on October 9, 1940, Qian 
Xinming himself surrendered to the 
Japanese, and then sold out his 
subordinates to the Japanese to have they 
all executed.  But in January, 1941, Qian 
himself was arrested and executed by the 
The reason for their deaths was because 
they were found to be the authors of the 
fabricated Nanking Massacre photo album, 
which, more than any other anti-Japanese 
propaganda material, has caused 
unerasable images of hatred in Chinese 
minds about Japanese brutality in China.
However, to this day, Japanese researchers 
have refuted the authenticity of this album.  
None of the photos seems entirely genuine.
The results of a thorough analysis of the 
photos proved the photos were either not 
taken in the cold winter of Nanking, noting 
the clothes being worn, or they were 
doctored by somebody.
Some photos even have the same faces 
shown on either the Japanese soldiers or on 
their Chinese victims.  And the most 
memorable photos are so sexually 
repugnant that their propaganda values are 
of biblical proportion.
The photo album had to be the product of 
truly sick minds, who seem to have 
self-scripted, self-directed and self-enacted 
the photo shoot.
Well, Chiang Kai-shek did say he liked to 
trust Christians.  So, they might be all used 
to things that were pervert and filthy.  
Today, the Nanking Massacre community 
has become an unshakable cult of lies.
Why, the whole Christian faith does have 
strong sexual appeal, unlike the boring 
godless Asian philosophies.  And a 
fabrication could really use some sexual 
The following evidence on Chiang and Dai 
Li's premeditated activities further 
substantiate the view: Chiang Kai-shek 
intentionally fabricated the Nanking 
It appeared that after Chiang and Dai 
planned out their operation, they need a 
story to dissociate themselves from Qian.  
Here is the story Dai used:
Dai, at first, told his own boss, Chiang 
Kai-shek, that Qian was completely reliable 
and capable of accomplishing the task of 
doing underground work in the Japanese 
occupied Nanking. 
But the minute Nanking fell, Dai announced 
to the world that Qian led his spies to 
defect to the Japanese.  Dai specifically 
admitted that he was "blind" to the true 
character of Qian and "has deeply lost face 
in front of Chiang Kai-shek".
But now we know Dai Li and Chiang 
Kai-shek lied in order to hide something, 
since Qian did not defect until 2 years later, 
according to the recent testimonies of the 
spies' widows.
And during the same time period in which 
Dai Li wanted the world to believe Qian 
defected was when the Nanking Massacre 
photo album was being produced and sent 
to Dai himself in Hankou.  Obviously final 
destination was America in its preparation 
for the coming war with Japan.
Now we all know that the album production 
was a planned operation by Chiang Kai-shek 
and Dai Li.  Qian Xinming was their point 
man.  Qian was ordered to do the photo 
shoot and send the photos to Dai Li in 
Then Dai Li tried to dissociate Chiang and 
himself from Qian's operation by telling a lie 
that Qian had defected to the Japanese, 
during the time he was actually executing 
the operation, so that there was no Nanking 
Massacre Album being fabricated by Qian. 
At the end, America got all the propaganda 
material to smear Japan toward justifying a 
war in Asia, and Chiang had his first revenge 
for the humiliation he suffered at the Xian 
Mutiny at its first anniversary in the form of 
two self-slaughtering by the retreating 
Chinese troops and a secret mass slaughter 
of what's left of the 90,000 
communist-leaning Chinese troop in 
contracted killings by a Japanese squad.  
As a bonus, Chiang also arranged for the 
conversion to Christianity of tens of 
thousands of Chinese refugees in Nanking 
that would make up quite a post-war 
community for substantiating his ingenious 
Nanking Massacre.
In the early 1930's, the forgery "Tanaka 
Memorial" was published in Shanghai to 
poison the blood of Chinese people toward 
Japan.  Now this Nanking Massacre photo 
album put the nails on the coffin of 
Sino-Japanese relationship up to this day.
Several other documentaries have since 
emerged on "NANKING MASSACRE".  Most 
are just self-back-patting Christian and 
West's propaganda for Japan bashing with 
the purpose of dividing and conquering 
One of the very first Nanking Massacre 
video was by a person who loved to show 
on TV and in meetings all the offending 
obscene photos, which could very well be 
fabricated by Qian et al. 
His favorite subject of presentation was 
comparing the Japanese samurai sword to 
the male sex organ.  The guy wound up 
suing the Nanking Massacre Committee for 
not sharing the donations they collected.
But one film, recovered from all the 
truth-telling first-hand record keeping by 
the Japanese that the West supposedly has 
managed to destroy, was "Nanking".  As 
usual it's mostly poor and futile propaganda 
attempts by the introvert Japanese.
This film, however, does serve as a 
confirmation of what we have just 
described.  For example, the only clear 
assault on Nanking was two soldiers used a 
15-meter long ladder to climb up a deserted 
city wall and raise some Japanese flags.
Then on top of these tall defensive walls, 
out of every opening looking down from the 
exterior walls, there were long ropes braced 
across the openings for people to let 
themselves down out of the city.  The 
Japanese soldiers joked about the strange 
ways the Chinese soldiers retreated.
They did show some sporadic fighting 
against invisible enemies at noon on 
December 12, 1937. This pretty much check 
out our own timeline on the dot,specifically, 
Nanking Massacre was planned to happen 
on the 1st anniversary of the Xian Mutiny. 
Then on December 15, they had the victory 
march into the abandoned city. 
And the film showed a lot of anti-Japanese 
posters on Nanking streets.  To refute that, 
the commentator of the film criticized the 
Chinese residents' immorality for habitually 
cut in line in public lineups, rather than wait 
for their turn starting at the end of the line.
Finally, all were forgiven, when they 
replaced the old Chinese posters with new 
Japanese posters, and everyone got into a 
festive mood, with children playing with 
firecrackers, to celebrate the New Year.  
The concluding general message from the 
invading Japanese was:
"In addition, shall we pray till we shout for 
joy of the peace for Asia and the friendship 
between Japan and China."

Now we have described what really 
happened in Nanking from the events that 
led to the mayhem caused by Chiang 
Kai-shek's order to retreat just when 
Japanese started to assault on the city.
Since this was real life, not a movie, we can 
actually present some continuity and 
consistency in the behaviors of the 
characters involved.  Namely, we need to 
present examples of behavior patterns of 
the Japanese soldiers and Chiang Kai-shek 
in other similar settings.
Since Japan was singled out for war-time 
sexual conducts, let's pick an event where a 
comparative description with the other 
countries can be found and the setting 
should be also China. 
This was the Boxer Rebellion in the early 
1900.  And here are the comparisons, and 
this time we shall also single out the 
Western Allies' soldiers for criticism as the 
world did to Japan both in Nanking and also 
on "comfort women" in Korea:
While one historical account reported that 
"Japanese troops were astonished by other 
Alliance troops raping civilians", Roger 
Keyes, who commanded the British 
destroyer Fame noted that "the Japanese 
had brought their own 'regimental wives' 
(or prostitutes) to the front to keep their 
soldiers from raping Chinese civilians."
"Thousands of Chinese women committed 
suicide;" The Daily Telegraph journalist E. J. 
Dillon stated "it was to avoid rape by 
Alliance forces," and he witnessed the 
mutilated corpses of Chinese women who 
were raped and killed by the Alliance 
The French commander dismissed the rapes, 
attributing them to "gallantry of the French 
A foreign journalist, George Lynch, said 
"there are things that I must not write, and 
that may not be printed in England, which 
would seem to show that this Western 
civilization of ours is merely a veneer over 
Finally, a recent documentary did show that 
America GIs also enjoyed some massive 
"comfort stations" in Japan during their stay 
after Japan surrendered.  However, the 
story back home in America has been the 
"Madam Butterfly" romance.
Let's also take a 180 degree turn to look at 
some admirable part of the Japanese 
military by introducing this Japanese 
general, who was the top commander of 
the Japanese Army in China, and the one 
that Chiang used as excuse for causing the 
Yellow River Flood of 1938.  After the war, 
Chiang personally also made absolutely sure 
he was convicted as a Class-A Japanese War 
Criminal(for knowing too much?):
Kenji Doihara was Japan's "China old hand".  
He has read the Chinses Classic novels,  
"Three Kingdoms" and "Outlaws of the 
Marsh", therefore, was familiar with 
Chinese national characteristics. Thus, he 
was a man of integrity and righteousness. 
Doihara was also known by people as a man 
of his words and always keep his 
Even the famous Anti-Japanese Chinese 
General Ma Zhanshan said that "Doihara 
does not lie"; General Song Zheyuan also 
commented on Doihara that he said what 
he meant; General De Wang, even when 
he's vehemently scolding the Japanese, but 
when it came to talking about Doihara, he 
would change the tong and said of Doihara, 
"He understands; he understands; he says 
what he means. "
Was General Doihara really a Class-A War 
Criminal?  The following verdict by Judge 
Radhabinod Pal in the war trial may shed 
some light.
Judge Pal was the only independent judge  
appointed to the "Tokyo Trials" of Japanese 
war crimes committed during the Second 
World War. 
Among all the judges of the tribunal, he was 
also the only one who submitted a 
judgment which insisted all defendants 
were not guilty.  But the publication of 
Judge Pal's 1,235-page dissent was banned 
from release to the public, until recently.
He argued that the United States had 
clearly provoked the war with Japan and 
expected Japan to re-act.
In 1966, Pal visited Japan and said that he 
had admired Japan from an early age for 
being the only Asian nation that "stood up 
against the West". 
Hopefully the above presentations will send 
a message to journalists and historians to 
condemn all wars, rather than to whitewash 
your own wars with sexual sensationalism 
committed by your enemy's wars.
Guess by now, you could not wait to find 
out the secretive behavior patterns of our 
own Chiang Kai-shek. There were really too 
many to mention.  Here we will only 
describe two events:
1.	The "largest act of environmental 
warfare in history" -- Yellow River 
Flood of 1939.
"An official history of the war put the dead 
in the flood at 900,000 and the refugees at 
nearly 10 million."  This was right after 
Chiang caused the flood.
But the flood and famine spread to 3 
provinces and lasted from 1938 to 1945.
Now we finally solve the mystery about the 
"Three Alls Policy" - kill all, burn all and loot 
all.  They were not done by the Japanese, 
and they missed: drown all by not alerting 
the downstream residents.
Here is another comparison of the 
relationship between Japanese soldiers 
with the Chinese people and that of 
Chiang's soldiers with his own people.
"However, because there were many 
Chinese civilians killed during the flood by 
the KMT(Chiang's) Party, most of the 
civilians residing in that area began to 
cooperate with the Japanese."
Actually, at this stage of Chinese history, 
the Chinese people disliked the Japanese, 
hated Chiang, and considered themselves 
all communists at heart.  Yet, Chiang has 
never given up lying to the people, just like 
in Nanking and here at Yellow River:

"The Nationalist government, after initially 
claiming that the breach was caused by 
Japanese bombing, used the heavy 
casualties to demonstrate the scale of 
sacrifice required of the Chinese people; it 
claimed that 12 million people had been 
affected by the flood."
Here is another lie attempt by Chiang.  The 
Wikipedia on General Tang Shengzhi of 
Nanking Massacre fame had the following 
concluding remark:
"Despite Chiang Kai-shek's support and 
protection, Tang was blamed for the failure 
that resulted in the consequent Nanjing 
Nice try to whitewash Chiang Kai-shek!  
But we expect this kind of shameless 
attempt from the never-giving-up Chiang. 
Now we have ruled out any unusual effort 
by Japan, this view from Wikipedia requires 
us to judge: which is the real criminal party 
-- Tang or Chiang?  This is a question of 
national image for all Chinese who are 
interested in Nanking Massacre.
But for the rest of the world, their position 
would accordingly be that:
1.	If Tang was the cause of Nanking 
Massacre, by obeying Chiang's order 
to retreat, then the China Communist 
Government should take the 
responsibility for the atrocity.
2.	If Chiang was the cause with his order 
to retreat, then his remnant 
government in Taiwan should be 
All Chinese who still observe the Nanking 
Massacre Anniversary should answer this 
question before doing so next time.
Mao was the one who exposed Chiang, not 
the Japanese, as the creator of the Yellow 
River Flood.  But how come he didn't 
expose the Japanese, or even Chiang or 
Tang, about the Nanking Massacre?  
It's because there was no massacre, except 
ones that done in utter secrecy, even 
though Mao must had a detail report from 
General Tang.
Now with Japanese army's image 
completely smeared by lies of Nanking 
Massacre and Yellow River Flood, Japan's 
China liberation effort was turned into a 
bona fide brutal invasion.
Even the strategic value of the flood has 
been questioned. Japanese troops were out 
of its range.  They took Wuhan in October 
by attacking from a different direction.
After Wuhan fell, 200,000 refugees moved 
to Changsha and caused the population in 
Changsha to swell from 300,000 to 500,000.  
This didn't look good in terms of how 
Chiang's mind works.  So, here we go 
Because of a lack of confidence in holding 
the city, Chiang Kai-shek suggested that the 
city should be burned to the ground, so that 
Japan would gain nothing even if it chose to 
forcefully enter it.  Here is what happened 
in Changsha:
2.	The greatest human-caused citywide 
fire in Chinese history -- Changsha fire 
of 1938
Chiang Kai-shek ordered the city be set on 
fire, to keep its wealth from the Japanese.  
Many people were killed when the water in 
the fire trucks was replaced by gasoline. 
More than 30,000 people lost their lives 
during the fire. Over 90%, or 56,000, of the 
city's buildings were burned.
The result of this fire made Changsha one of 
the most damaged cities during World War 
II, alongside Stalingrad, Hiroshima and 
Nagasaki. (Could Chiang, Hitler and Truman 
be in a three way killing competition?)
Lucky for Japan, at the end of the Battle of 
Changsha, Japanese troops were 
successfully repelled by the Chinese 
defenders, because Changsha's 
commanding general was never recalled by 
Otherwise, today we might just see a 
"Changsha Massacre Memorial", which 
would be erected to tell the world that 
Changsha was the most devastated city, 
courtesy of the Japanese.
The basic difference that made Nanking fell 
to the Japanese and allowed Changsha to 
repel the Japanese was that the 
Commanding General Tang of Nanking was 
someone Chiang had once fought against in 
battlefield and later ordered him to be 
assassinated by Dai Li even when they were 
on the same side, but the Generals in 
Changsha were Chiang's future 
Vice-Presidential hopefuls.
Finally, what kind of city is Changsha that 
made Chiang wanting to burn it?  It's the 
hometown of Mao Zedong.  Well, when 
we are at it, how about Nanking?  It's the 
headquarter of China's Christian converts.  
The Taipin Christian rebels once made it the 
capital of their all-Christian regime.
If you still not quite clear about how 
Chiang's mind worked, here are some more 
examples that illustrates his true feelings 
toward China, Japan and America, and even 
After Japan surrendered, Chiang even 
ordered the Japanese troops in the 
Northeast China to fight the Mao's peasant 
army for another month.  But Japan not 
only refused, but instead armed 700,000 of 
Mao's troop with quality weapons that 
eventually allowed Mao to beat Chiang.
When Chiang was preparing for the final 
battle against Mao in Shanghai, he told his 
generals that if they could hold on for six 
months, the United States would use 
nuclear weapons to defeat Mao.
Then, back to China's Northeast territory, 
where Russia occupied a lot of land, Chiang 
asked the Russians to postpone their 
returning the land to China, giving the 
Russians a chance to bring home 2 billion 
dollars' worth of heavy-industry equipment.
Finally, to be really certain about Chiang's 
feeling about Japan throughout the war, we 
should take a look at a short news item in 
the Sing Tao Daily.
It was at the time Chiang was just about to 
leave China and go to Taiwan.  His wife 
asked him to go to the West instead, but 
Chiang replied: "If I go anywhere other than 
Taiwan, I would go to Japan."

Chiang will be a small figure with huge 
influence in history.  It would be an 
interesting what-if exercise to remove the 
"Chiang factor" in China and see how 
history would have evolved.
So, what if China was not handicapped by 
Chiang Kai-shek?
China would be able to hold off Japan for, at 
least, six months at Nanking, according to 
the "Rape of Nanking" book by Iris Chang.  
During that time, reinforcements from 
Changsha and everywhere else would be 
able to attack the Japanese assaulting 
troops from the rear.
Eventually, Japan would be forced to sign a 
conditional surrender peace agreement.  
And the condition was that Japan joined up 
with China to liberate the whole Asia.
This would be possible, because, although 
the absent Chiang would be against it, both 
China and Japan have been doing just that 
all along and up to now.
Thus China and Japan would form a united 
front against the Western colonists.  That 
would also have saved America the effort 
from launching a military operation to 
"rescue" Asia from Japan.  And the world 
would turn around from war to peace 
starting from Asia.
Finally, we owe Japan for presenting their 
own view by showing the lastest 
documentary they made:
The Truth about the Nanking Massacre - A 
fabricated "Massacre" - Nanking Incident 
Series Ⅰ